Top five steps to control water pollution can be taken everywhere but active participation of the stakeholders including industries, farmers, households, civic agencies and environmental watchdogs is must to make them successful. The sincerity in purpose and will power to take these steps are also must to mitigate the menace of water pollution which directly hits our digestive system and causes several gastro related diseases - apart from several others - in human beings and animals.
Top five steps to control water pollution are workable only if the four key players to implement them not only cooperate with each other but also take their implementation seriously. Merely lip service to resolve the problems of water pollution is not sufficient to keep our water free from any grey menace.
Out of five steps to control water pollution the one most important step relates to households. The entire wastewater generated from domestic use needs to be treated before its flow into the water bodies. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the civic agencies to treat the wastewater before its final disposal for reuse or its flowing into the water bodies as a reserve stock for the future use. However, in most of the poor countries in particular and in developing countries in general the civic agencies complain of the excessive use of water by households which results production of wastewater beyond civic agencies’ capacity to treat it before its final disposal. In view of this fact there is bounden duty of the communities to use water as less as possible to generate lesser quantity of wastewater to help civic agencies fully dispose it after treatment while staying within their capacity level.
The second key source of water pollution either fresh water pollution or salt water pollution is the agriculture runoff which is actually residual effluent of chemical fertilizer and pesticide mixed into irrigated water and then flows through the downward streams and canals into the river and seas. Farmers can play a lead role to contribute for its mitigation by shifting towards the use of natural fertilizer like their forefathers used to do so in the past and using less harmful or natural germicides to protect their crops.
Industrial effluent and waste, if directly dumped or disposed off into the rivers or seas, is one of the biggest causes of the water pollution. So industries should release the effluent and wastewater after their treatment through combined or individual industrial effluent plant and dispose of the industrial waste into the designated landfill site. For this purpose they need cooperation of the civic agencies especially in disposal of industrial waste into the final destination.
In top five steps to control water pollution the role of civic agencies is of utmost importance for the treatment of wastewater before its disposal into the water bodies which if not done can become the biggest source of water pollution all across the world. Every civic agency must have all the facilities with their full capacity to treat the entire wastewater to make it reusable further or to make it harmless before flowing it into the water bodies. Moreover, proper disposal of the entire solid wastes of both residential and industrial areas is also duty of the civic agencies and they must install a system of solid waste management to keep our land environment free from the menace of pollution.
Whenever and wherever there is violation of environmental laws either by households, industries, farmers or civic agencies environmental watchdogs which are mostly called environmental protection agencies must take action against such culprits. In all the developed countries and most of the developing and backward countries environmental protection agencies are working to protect the environment. But in poor countries they are toothless bodies which can’t use their power owing to the clout and cartels of the polluters. Therefore, there is pressing need empower them by to take action against all those who pollute the environment more particularly water environment of their area.