Karachi, the biggest city of Pakistan, is facing rising level of factory pollution in its residential areas also because there is no check over opening of factories in these areas owing to poor civic administration of the city.
The level of noise and air pollution is getting higher by the passage of time and its main reason is the establishment of small factories in various congested residential areas including Saddar, North Nazimabad, New Karachi, Landhi, Shah Faisal Colony, Lyari and Korangi.
The local government regulations of Pakistan strictly forbid opening of a factory or manufacturing unit in residential area but this violation is continuing under the nose of civic authorities of the city. Frankly speaking the governance system of Pakistan is infested with inefficiency, favouritism and corruption therefore there is no hope in near future of any improvement in any field including in pollution control.
Noise level above limits
The level of noise pollution in most of the residential areas of Karachi is above 90 decibel while its permissible noise limit in such areas is maximum 80 decibel. In recent years this level rose to alarming level because of unchecked establishment of manufacturing units in such areas that generate lot of noise in their operations.
Weak implementation of green laws
The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 also prescribes huge penalties and imprisonment for the violators of green laws but factory owners saved their skin by shielding themselves under local government law that is to be implemented by civic administration. While the implementation of green laws is the sole responsibility of the provincial Environmental Protection Agency but that is also suffering from the maladies of inefficiency, corruption and violation of merit in its staffing and operations. On the issue of rising level of factory pollution in Karachi both the departments shift responsibility on each other and also reportedly take bribe from polluters to let them hit the environment without any fear of accountability.
Main reason of factory pollution in Karachi
The city of Karachi has the population of nearly 20 million and it has been facing load of factory pollution because in all the five industrial areas of this city hardly 20 per cent industries release their effluent and throw their waste after their proper treatment. Rest of the them openly throw their waste and flow their effluent directly into the sea adding huge burden into marine pollution. The implementation mechanism of green laws in Pakistan is so weak because of the inefficiency of its environmental watchdog and owing to its pathetic justice system.
Residents to breathe polluted air
Now the trend of opening small factories in residential areas has posed another threat to the residents of this metropolis who are already facing various types of pollution apart from other social problems including energy crisis and worsening law and order condition. Now they have no choice but to breathe air that is more polluted with toxic fumes, sulphur and lead particles that are part of factory pollution.
Unawareness of rulers
The national and local rulers of this city have no big concerns for environmental improvement and their focus remain on solving some other issues of urgent nature like poverty, unemployment, energy crisis and law and order. They actually don’t know that every problem sprouts from environmental degradation. If you offer a clean environment to your people then they will not suffer from many diseases and remain healthy. With good health they will work hard and give quality input for the growth of their economy. After the involvement in economic growth they will become responsible citizen and there will be no law and order problem in the city. But their rules are unable to understand these simple rules which shows how unaware they are.
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