Indian high court of Gujarat issued orders (in May 2013) to the state government for taking prompt action for pollution control
in four main rivers of the state including Sabarmati in Ahmadabad, Vishwamitri (Vadodara), Tapi (Surat) and Aji (Rajkot).
The court issued this order on the petition of an NGO that adopted a stance that all the four rivers are being polluted
mainly by human waste and civic sewerage that directly fall into these rivers.
Gujarat court order
Following its precedents of past to make its every effort to resolve this issue also, the Gujarat High Court directed the state pollution control
body to take immediate steps for pollution control
in the said four rivers and rescue its entire environment from all types of degradation especially that was being done by the sewerage having organic decomposed material with enormous amount of faecal micro-organics and bio-hazards.
If we cast a look over the past incidents of same nature we rarely find any example where any government obeyed the green verdict of any higher court. No doubt it created an impression that work was started to ameliorate the pointed-out environmental degradation
but having examined the status of environment all over the Asia no any visible change is on fore as for as its any improvement is concerned.
Court order in Pakistan
Five years back (in 2008) after start of judicial activism in Pakistan also the Supreme Court of Pakistan took the serious notice of widespread pollution all over the country and particularly noted the sea pollution because of the disposal of untreated industrial effluent and waste into it at the coast of Karachi. It issued order for pollution control in sea and other bodies without fail.
How environmental managers played trick?
The smart environmental managers
in top hierarchy of the government of Sindh province of Pakistan very shrewdly created an impression of full compliance of court orders. Instead of restricting the industries of Karachi not to release their effluent and not throw their waste directly into the sea without any treatment they played tricks with the court.
They engaged their entire sanitary and environmental control staff in one of the industrial areas of Karachi located in SITE area and cleaned the whole area by working day and night.
After doing this they took the photographs of the crystal clear physical environment of that industrial area of the city and showed them to the higher courts. In return they received big applause over their smart performance but the process of polluting the sea
by industries of Karachi is going on with same intensity and we can see a little bit increase in it.
Courts notice on green issues is routine in Asia and Africa
This is a regular process in most of the backward regions of Asia and Africa where courts very dutifully interfere to stop the flagrant violation of environmental laws
They promptly issue orders for pollution control but the top environmental managers of that country very tactfully duped the courts and just fulfill the formalities for court compliance and do a few cosmetic activities to please the courts and satisfy those who actually pleaded in court for pollution control.
Need to use both carrot and stick
It means stick can work to bring the results or in clear terms legal action can force people to avoid violating the law but incentives are equally needed to bring on action for the environmental care. For this purpose we have to give incentives to industries and civic bodies to sincerely put all their resources for pollution control within their ambit and keep their environment with minimum possible pollution.
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