Maybe you already know how to control industrial pollution, right? But controlling industrial pollution in a corrupt country is damn difficult. A corrupt country does not mean its people are corrupt. It means its rulers and its managers are corrupt.
How to know if a country is corrupt?
It can be ascertained by the Corruption Perception Index issued by the Transparency International. According to this index, most of the backward countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America are the most corrupt in the world. Scandinavian and a few European countries are the least corrupt. Their positions at global corruption index keep changing every year.
The most corrupt are stubbornly corrupt and moving ahead in this white-collar crime. The least corrupt are staying on their position while moderately corrupt move up and down depending upon what type of leaders they have in a given tenure.
What is corruption?
Corruption means an authority’s misuse of its powers to get personal benefits. An authority may be an office or any official. In most of the cases officials do corruption. They have powers to take action for the correction of any wrong practice. But they take a lenient view of the violation after receiving bribe from the violator. They also grant benefits to those who don’t deserve a given benefit and take their share from the beneficiary. This benefit may be an award of contract, a job or an illegal permit to do a business. In short every malpractice against the rule of business of the authority is called corruption. Bribe or graft can be money or any gift or other benefit.
What is industrial pollution?
Industrial pollution means the end result of every activity of an industry which deprives the land, water and air of their original features.
Industrial water pollution: Water is used in almost all types of manufacturing process. If a factory releases its wastewater without any treatment, it falls in any nearby water body. Ultimately it creates water pollution.
Industrial air pollution: If a factory emits smoke with poisonous gases it creates air pollution.
Industrial land pollution: If it dumps its manufacturing refuse without any care it adds land pollution.
Industrial noise pollution: If its machines make noise more than the tolerable limits it creates noise pollution.
Why factories create pollution?
There are two reasons of industrial pollution all across the world.
First reason is cost factor.
It is wrongly presumed that cost of controlling factory pollution will increase prices of the products. Their sales will decline. Their profits will shrink.
This is nothing but a greedy idea.
It is based on greed of factory owners for more and more profits.
They don’t know once they follow green methods to control pollution their factories are called green. They become famous as green companies. Their all products are called green products. This is an edge for them over their competitors. People buy green products more. But it all will happen gradually. Not soon after their going green. Businessmen generally want quick results. That is why they can’t wait and keep producing without any care to the environment.
Second reason is lack of green awakening.
Factory owners don’t know sooner or later they have to follow green regulations. Everywhere awareness is rising. After a few more years they won’t have any escape. Even their corrupt green regulator won’t be able to save them. Consumers will not buy products of factory that is not environmental friendly. But factory owners don’t have the future vision of green. That is why they have blindfold themselves and just running after short-term benefits.
It is quite easy to control industrial pollution if green regulator is not corrupt or at least not very corrupt. It is possible if leaders are committed to green cause and factories owners are environmentally responsible.
To control industrial pollution, industries need to keep their emissions within a given limit and release their effluent after treatment. They need to dispose of their waste at designated places with environmentally safe methods.
For this purpose they need to hire an environment manager. He is the guy whose job is to make an environmental management plan of the factory. He ensures its full compliance during and after every productive activity of the factory.
Green regulator needs to visit the factory on regular basis. It should check if it is fully implementing its environmental management plan. If any violation is found with regard to pollution control, regulator should take action against the violating factory. But first a warning may be issued to correct the violation failing which a legal action may be initiated. No one will resist this process because all are honest in this situation.
But this is an ideal situation which never happens completely in any country. Yes, in most of the advance nations green regulators are fully performing their jobs to control industrial pollution. Factories also know if they violate green laws they have to pay the fine and face imprisonment. That is why they implement their environmental management plan and avoid polluting the environment. Ultimately they earn the image of being green and use it to boost their marketing campaigns. People buy their products more and their businesses grow. They are the smart business people. That is why they are so prosperous and happy.
Why it is difficult to control industrial pollution in corrupt countries?
Main reason is corruption: It is very clear. In corrupt countries nothing could be done fairly. There are loopholes over loopholes to easily escape from rules and regulations. By greasing the palm of a concerned official any wrong can be converted into a right. Money can do miracles in such countries. So the main reason is corruption.
Brutal violation of merit: Other reasons are offshoots of corruption. Most of the appointments on all-powerful posts are made by putting aside the rule of merit. Just on huge amount of money an official can be appointed on any higher post. Higher amount of bribery means higher level of post for appointment. Will an official being appointed after paying bribe do his work honestly? Not at all, he has to first cover the amount he paid for his appointment and then earn more and more. In most of the corrupt countries top positions in green regulatory authority are occupied by the most corrupt officials. They got these positions by paying bribe to appointment authorities or with political support.
Lethargy of honest officials: Another reason is lethargy by those who are not corrupt. They don’t take action against any polluting factory because they know their action will bring no result. The polluter will save his skin by paying bribe to another official who his more powerful than the honest official. That is why there is a culture of inaction by honest officials in corrupt countries. Such officials just act as silent spectators in a corrupt system.
This is a million dollar question. In corrupt countries masses have to stand up against polluting factories.
They need not to act collectively.
Just like they take care of their own hygiene they need to keep hygiene of environment by not letting anyone to pollute it.
They need not to join any green party.
They need to identify every act of polluting and make its complain to polluting control authority.
They need not to worry how corrupt their pollution control authority is.
They should keep pressuring their rulers and environment managers to avoid corruption in this sector.
It is not the matter of their life but the matter of survival of their coming generations. It is the matter of this planet Earth which is the only one we have.
So, the people of corrupt countries simply keep pointing out every act polluting by factories.
They need not to come out from their homes and make a protest. They can do by just staying inside home.
- Tell your local media if a factory is polluting the environment.
- Send an email to green courts telling it about the act of polluting.
- Send SMS to your friends and colleagues with the request to follow you and raise voice against a given act of polluting.
- In short never miss any chance to pressurize the green regulator to avoid corruption and take action against polluters.
After sometime you will see the change.
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