Plastic bags are used to carry small and big items while shopping. One can easily throw them after using once because of their low prices.
So a person needs not to take any reusable bag from home to shop and can get free with the items he buys. This is the only convenience of this item of carrying things.
Harms of plastic bags
The harms of plastic bags are more than many.
First of all it can never be destroyed and remain almost forever. If it is collected with garbage it is put into earth and keeps harming the feature of soil with its plastic material.
If no one collects it then it keeps flying here and there may harm greater by sticking with open wire of electricity or telephone.
If it falls into any open stream of wastewater it ultimately chokes its flow and causes overflow of sewage.
It directly harms human beings if it comes into direct contact with human skin. Obviously no one have this much time to hold it with hands wearing gloves. So direct contact of skin with it may cause many diseases and cancer is the most lethal one. Yes in many plastic bags of dark colors there is a carcinogenic material that is cancer-causing chemical.
What are non-biodegradable plastic bags?
The plastic bags having above harmful impacts are called non-biodegradable plastic bags and are still popularly used in most of the backward world.
Because of poor enforcement mechanism of green laws and lack of environmental awareness their sale, purchase and use is openly going on in most of the poor and least developed countries despite its ban over there.
What are biodegradable plastic bags?
The harmless type of plastic bag is called biodegradable. It is made of a material that can be fully destroyed after end of its service life. Mostly it degrades by itself with the passage of time.
Its cost is a little higher and shop keepers charge it separately. They are also called oxo-degradable plastic bags.
In poor countries people can’t afford to pay extra cost of carrying a reusable bag as they know they have a very cheap alternative of non-biodegradable plastic bag. Secondly they don’t have awareness on its harm and don’t worry to use it.
How use of plastic bags increase poverty?
Its candid impact can be observed at the falling agriculture productivity. The worst impact of land pollution falls on soil fertility that eventually cut the agriculture produce.
Low agriculture produce means its low supply and high demand. It means rise in its prices. Consequently more people can’t buy the items of their basic necessities including all types of food items that are mostly produced with agriculture produce.
Its ultimate impact falls on overall economy of a poor country because the most essential commodities related to food items. It is very well-known to all that more than 70 per cent agriculture produce relates to food items. So such poor countries get poorer because of their excessive use of plastic bags.
How to lessen the effects of plastic bags on economy?
So the governments of poor countries should realize the long-term impact of plastic bags. If they don’t resolve this issue they will keep getting poorer because of this menace.
Legislation: First of all they need to do extensive legislation to ban the sale, use, purchase and manufacture of all types of plastic and strictly enforce the laws to control this menace.
Awareness: Secondly an extensive awareness drive is must to tell people its harms and convince them to use biodegradable plastic bags by a little sacrificing their money to pay its price.
Otherwise menace of non-biodegradable plastic bags will eat away the soil fertility of most of the land of this world. As a result more starvation, hunger and poverty will prevail in already poverty-ridden countries.
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